Death of a Republic

On this day.

27 BCE
The Roman Empire begins
The Roman Senate grants to Octavian, the adopted son of Julius Caesar, the title Augustus, giving him imperial powers, thus marking the end of the republic and the birth of an empire. Over the next five centuries, this world-shaking power will rise and fall in spectacular fashion.   Bing

Augustus Caesar, first Roman Emperor. Marble statue of Gaius Julius Caesar Octavianus (63 BC-14 AD), who became one of a triumvirate of rulers after the death in 44 BC of Julius Caesar, his great-uncle, whose dictatorship had brought an end to the Roman republic. He became sole ruler in 31 BC after defeating Mark Anthony at the Battle of Actium, and in 27 BC proclaimed himself Emperor, adopting the title Caesar Augustus. Octavian’s rule, which lasted until 14 AD, ended a century civil strife and was a period of peace, and prosperity in which Rome attained the height of its imperial power. (Photo by Ann Ronan Pictures/Print Collector/Getty Images)